Contract Laws Blog

Introduction The response of the Ethiopian federal government to the economic impact of COVID-19 on businesses has so far been to relax tax burden through Tax Relief Directive No. 64/2012. However, tax relief is beneficial only if a business makes income which currently is much harder as the pandemic is disrupting the performance of privet contracts. Businesses all over the country are experiencing reduced demand, late payments, depressed revenue and overall disruption in supply chine. Similarly, all members of the public with privet contracts i.e.…
A post on American Bar Association’s (ABA) website and a comment by a colleague prompted me to write this. Let me begin by posing a question: can a pandemic be considered as a force majeure? The importance of this post may be revealed later as the economy opens up and creditors require debtors to perform their obligation, repudiate an agreement or hold debtors liable for failure. Covid-19 is shaking the world- all 6 continents are being put to the test- who expected life to be…
Abstract Government contract placing is not left to the whim of the individual power holders at the various hierarchies of the government structure. What officials of the government do with the public expenditure should be transparent, and those wielding the power should be accountable to the general public for each and every activity that they do and have it done on behalf of the public. In order to promote efficiency and value-for-money, effectiveness, transparency and probity in the process of government contract formation and…
Does the law of sales applicable to contract for supply of software? Assume a government authority has bought a software from a software company. A defect in the software led to massive loss of money. Can the manufacturer be held liable for the injury caused by the defective computer software? Introduction One of the prominent attributes of the digital age is that every aspect of modern life is becoming dependent on information technology. And undoubtedly every information technology device is controlled, operated and instructed by…
ሰበር ችሎቱ በመዝገብ ቁጥር 11270 የሚቀራረብ ጭብጥ አጋጥሞት ነበር፡፡ በዚህ መዝገብ የሚሟገቱት የትምህርት መሳሪያዎች ማምረቻና ማከፋፈያ ድርጅት እና አንድ የቀድሞ ሰራተኛዉ ናቸዉ፡፡ ጥያቄዉ ጉዳዩ በአዋጅ ቁጥር 42/83 ይሸፈናል ወይ የሚል ነበር፡፡ ይህን የተመለከተዉ ሰበር ችሎቱ በመጋቢት 23 ቀን 1997 በሰጠዉ ዉሳኔ እንዲህ ብሏል፡፡ ለዚህ ጉዳይ አግባብነት ያለዉና የአመልካች መስሪያ ቤትን ያቋቋመዉ አዋጅ ቁ.266/76 በአንቀጽ ንኡስ አንቀጽ 1 ላይ መስሪያ ቤቱ የመንግስት መስሪያ ቤት እንደሆነ ደንግጓል፡፡ ይህም ማለት በመርህ ደረጃ አመልካች መስሪያ ቤት አስተዳደራዊ ስራዎችን የሚሰራ ሆኖ በአጋጣሚ ግን ከምርት ዉጤቶቹና ከአገልግሎት ዋጋ ገቢ ያገኛል፡፡ የመስሪያ…
መግቢያ የፍትሐ ብሔር ሕግ ቁጥር 1724 እንዲህ ይነበባል፤ መንግስት ወይም ለሕዝብ አገልግሎት የቆሙ መስሪያ ቤቶች ግዴታ የሚዋዋሉባቸዉ ዉሎች ሁሉ በጽሁፍና በሚገባ አኳኋን በፍርድ ቤት መዝገብ ወይም ባንድ ባስተዳደር ክፍል መስሪያ ቤት መዝገብ ወይም ዉል ለማዋዋል ስልጣን በተሰጠዉ ሰዉ ፊት መሰራት አለባቸዉ፡፡ እንግሊዘኛዉ ደግሞ እንዲህ ይነበባል፤ Any contract binding the Government or a public administration shall be in writing and registered with a court, public administration or notary. የኪራይ ቤቶች አስተዳደር ድርጅት የሚዋዋላቸዉ ዉሎች በዚህ የፍ/ብ/ሕ/ቁ.1724 የሚወድቁ ናቸዉ ወይ የሚለዉን ጥያቄ ለመመለስ እሞክራለሁ፡፡ ለዚህ ጽሁፍ መነሻ…
የጉዳዩ መነሻ ለዚህ አጭር ጽሁፍ መነሻ የሆነኝ የፌዴራሉ ጠቅላይ ፍርድ ቤት ሰበር ችሎት በሰበር መዝገብ ቁጥር 74950 የሰጠዉ ዉሳኔ ነዉ፡፡ ጉዳዩ የገንዘብ ብድርን ይመለከታል፡፡ ተበዳሪ ከአበዳሪ በታሕሳስ 26 ቀን 1995 የተወሰደዉን ብር 237000.00 በጥር 30 ቀን 1995 ለመመለስ ቃል ገብቷል፡፡ ነገር ግን ገንዘቡን ሳይመልስ በመቅረቱ የአበዳሪ ወራሾች በተበዳሪ ላይ ሐምሌ 21 ቀን 2002 ባስገቡት ክስ ተበዳሪ ዋናዉን ገንዘብ እንዲመልስና ከየካቲት 01 ቀን 1995 መሰረት የሚታሰብ ወለድም እንዲከፍል ዳኝነት ይጠይቃሉ፡፡ ተበዳሪ በበኩሉ በዉላቸዉ ዉስጥ ወለድ ይከፍላል የሚል ቃል እንደሌለና ማስታወቂያ/ማስጠንቀቂያ ስላልተሰጠዉ ወለዱን መክፈል እንደማይገደድ ይከራከራል፡፡ በዚህ…